This is the largest national reserve in Iceland. The park surrounds Vatnajökull glacier which is about 8,300 sq.km. Vatnajökull National Park occupies approximately 13,200km2 which is about 13% of Iceland. One of the most outstanding aspects of the park is its unique combination of “ice and fire” creating different landscape features formed by volcanic and geothermal activity.
The southern area of Vatnajökull National Park features Lónsöræfi, Skaftafell, Virkisjökull, Hoffellsjökull and Öræfajökull. This southern side has enormous mountain ridges with glacier outlets descending between them. Hoffellsjökull, Lónsöræfi and Virkisjökull, feature a variety of colourful geological formations, sheltered lush valleys and waterfalls. One can see the processes of landscape formation and glacial systems from the observatory located on Virkisjökull glacier. Skaftafell is a magnificent preservation area that occupies about 5,000 km2. Its beauty brought about the formation of Skaftafell National Park back in 1968 which was later combined with the Vatnajökull National Park in 2008. The area has spectacular green forest hills, white glaciers and black sands which is very unique and appealing.
The northern area of the part covers Jökulsárgljúfur, Ásbyrgi, Askja and Dettifoss.
Ásbyrgi is a stunning horseshoe shaped canyon with a length of 3.5 km, and a height of 100 metres. The canyon was create by catastrophic glacial outburst floods thousands of years ago causing extensive removal of the bedrock. A precipitous rock known as Eyan stands in the middle of the Canyon. Jökulsárgljúfur canyon is among the largest river canons in Iceland. The canyon has a length of 25 km, a width of ½ km and a height of 100 meters. The deepest and most impressive part of the canyon is its upper part around Dettifoss waterfall with a depth of 120 meters.
The Western part of Vatnajökull National Park consists of Lakagígar and Grímsvötn. The most astounding sights in the western area include: Laki craters, long hyaloclastite ridges, Katla volcano, Grímsvötn volcano, Eldgjá fissure. The area also has wildlife, moss and lichens.
There are also four visitor centre points within the National Park