Tindfjallajökull means “Peak Mountains’ Glacier” and is drawn from its many mountain peaks protruding out above the snow fields. To the south of the glacier, there is Tindfjoll mountain ridge. Tindfjallajökull glacier is a small glacier with a thin ice cap which occupies 19sq.Km.
Ymir and Yma are the highest peaks of Tindfjallajökull glacier. Ymir is named after the giant in Norse mythology from whom Odin together with his brothers created heaven and earth while Yma is named after a mythological troll and stands next to Ymir.
Tindfjallajökull glacier is perceived as an active volcano despite the fact that there is no historic evidence of eruptions. The volcano ejected one of the biggest tephra layers known in Iceland since the Ice Age. These layers exhibit characteristics only created in unique eruptions of the same nature as in St. Helena in 1980 and in Krakatoa. This eruption happened 250 years ago and purportedly covered the area between three glaciers with 500°C degrees, the tephra journeyed at a speed of up to 200km/h. This converted a beautiful district into a desert within minutes.
Tindfjallajökull volcano is defined by the Global Volcanism Program as a stratovolcano. Rivers such as Thorolfsa, Blesa, Gilsa and Vala flow from the glacier. Tindfjoll mountain peaks are clearer on the way to Thórsmörk although the glacier is not always visible.
Tindfjallajökull glacier is a great choice for skiers, mountain climbers, nature lovers and glacier hikers. One can drive up in a super jeep to the snow area and hike over Tindfjallajökull glacier from there. From Tindfjallajökull one can enjoy amazing views over Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökull glaciers, and Hekla volcano.
There is significant amount of rhyolite on the east under the glacier, and Thórsmörk ignimbrite can be traced back to the Ice Age eruptions.