Iceland is one the most volcanic regions in Europe, if not the world. Currently, the Iceland geothermal energy is the leading provider of eco-friendly, renewable and sustainable geothermal power to Reykjavik and other parts of the country.
The geological position of Iceland gives it special conditions that are required in generating geothermal energy. Iceland is further shaped by prominent forces of nature found in this location. Tectonic plates in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge bring heat and magma close to the surface of the earth.
The Iceland geothermal energy is then harnessed for the production of electricity and heating purpose, domestically and commercially.
Nesjavellir Power Plant, one of the foremost Iceland geothermal energy plants, is the most powerful geothermal well in the world and it is about 177m above the sea level along the northeastern part of Hengill.
Water is transported through a long pipeline, 27 km long, to supply the whole of Reykjavik. Nesjavellir Power Plant provides both heat and power for the Reykjavik Area.
Not surprisingly, the major geothermal plants of Iceland produce approximately 31% of the nation’s electricity. Nearly 90% of Iceland’s population use the heating and hot water needs from geothermal activity.
Hellisheidi Power Plant is found in Hengill, just 11 km from the Nesjavellir Geothermal Power Plant. The plant produces 133 MW of hot water and 306 MW of electricity.
Svartsengi Power Plant is situated near International Airport at Keflavik in the southwestern part of the country. The plant produces 75 MW of electricity as well as 485 litres per second of hot water at 90°C.
The famously known Blue Lagoon is consequently heated by the same plant and illustrates the sheer power of the Iceland geothermal energy.
Reykjanes Power Plant is situated on the Reykjanes peninsula and near the Svartsengi Power Plant. It has the capacity to produce a huge amount of resource per year while utilising steam from a reservoir at 275-320ºC.
Krafla Power Plant is next to the Krafla volcano and Lake Mývatn in the northeastern part of Iceland. It has the capacity to produce 60 MWe of electricity enough to power a huge area on a natural resource.