Eyjafjallajökull volcano, located north of Skógar and west of Mýrdalsjökull in southern Iceland is an ice-cap covered stratovolcano. This area is also known part of Iceland’s east volcanic zone.
Just before the Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption, there was volcanic activity occurring at Fimmvörðuháls. A red cloud was seen lighting up the sky above the area.
The eruption then broke out in the form of fire fountains and a long fissure vent of about 400m opening causing an enormous lava flow. A week later two more craters erupted causing more lava flows and magma.
On the 14th of April 2010, the Icelandic Civil Protection officials informed people living at the bottom of Eyjafjallajökull that a volcanic eruption was about to occur. The volcano then erupted from the top crater in the middle part of the glacier.
The explosion unravelled as a glacial outburst flood displacing many people in the area. It further sent up a 6-mile high ash plume into the air covering the area above it.
The resulting volcanic activity covered the area that is about the size of Western Europe.
Eyjafjallajökull eruptions were a result of several small earthquakes which went on to trigger a chain of reactions including the expanding magma chambers.
The Eyjafjallajökull eruption is a standout amongst the most stunning sights of Mýrdalsjökull glacier.
It is part of a chain of volcanoes stretching across Iceland. Its nearest active neighbours are Katla, to the northeast, and Eldfell, on Heimaey, to the southwest.
The volcano is thought to be related to Katla geologically, in that eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull have generally been followed by eruptions of Katla. The volcano and the entire region is a stunning site even from afar!