Iceland’s natural areas and wilderness possess all the wonders of nature ranging from landscapes, volcanoes, as well as beautiful glaciers. Visitors get attracted to Iceland’s natural areas due to its grand beauty and recreational activities
The geology of Iceland is the biggest reason for its attraction. As Iceland lies on the divergent boundary between the Eurasian plate and the North American plate, many years of movements and impact has developed a “one of the kind” island.
Iceland is one of the largest islands in Europe and its vastness offers a multitude of landscapes and formations due to this very unique geology.
For example, the stunning sights of the Thingvellir National Park enable one to see in shallow waters and on land, the tectonic processes that are taking place in the underwater areas of the ridge due to these plate movements. Thingvellir is a UNESCO ranked site.
Iceland’s natural areas and wilderness also hosts the most volcanoes in the world. According to research, a third of lava eruptions since 1500AD occurred in Iceland. In the years between 1900 and 1998, there were eleven volcanoes in Iceland. Most of the eruptions were from the shield or fissure volcanoes producing basaltic lava.
As you travel the country and these areas, you will also find the infamous geysirs and hot springs. The most common places where geysirs and hot springs occur is in high-temperature geothermal areas especially within focused areas of volcanism and rifting where temperatures are above 200°C in less than one kilometre depth.
Hot springs form when the temperatures at depth rise above boiling causing the hot springs to erupt in the form of geysirs.
It is absolutely amazing to see and experience. If you plan on visiting for a few days then these 6 of Iceland’s natural areas should be on your hit list.
6 of Iceland’s natural areas
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